Curl Certificate Chain

pem format (This should contains the public key and signature of the CA certificate, you need put the root ca certificate and all your intermediate ca certificates into one. A certificate authority (CA) is an entity that signs digital certificates. Your original question was about root certificates but intermediate certificates also play an important part. Git doesn't use the Mac OS X keychain to resolve this, so you need to trust the certificate explicitly. That's from my archlinux server, while on my desktop's fedora it works just fine. The only practical mitigation for ECC certificates is to minimize the amount of work performed in chain verification. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. The certificates from 2 to 5 are called intermediate certificates. P+(30-60% curl throughout). ini file and set the curl. In some cases, we may need to use another certificate chain then internet. This site uses cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. Try our newer decoder over at the Red Kestrel site. I don't have a RHEL 6 system nearby but probably rpm -ql nss will show a different/additional trust store compared to what OpenSSL uses. That should have been a temporary issue--we had the new EnTrust certificate chain installed but apparently not all merchants support the new certificate chain. If you'd like to turn off curl's verification of the certificate, use the -k (or --insecure) option. Your original question was about root certificates but intermediate certificates also play an important part. f you store your CA certificates on the filesystem (in PEM format) you can tell curl to use them with. NWT VICTORIA'S SECRET Bikini Metallic Coral gold Chain Bandeau S 2 Pc Swimsuit tuokzy4946-Swimwear Our fellow citizens as well as foreigners holders of an Algerian driver license are hereby informed that they can apply onlineNWT 1,145 Brunello Cucinelli 100% Silk Long Brown Silk Skirt48 12US for the competence certificate. But the question is ‘How to install an SSL Certificate on a server?’ It is not necessary that everyone […]. Kindly help. capath must be a correctly hashed certificate directory. Your curl build uses OpenSSL for TLS and when curl is built with OpenSSL it points out the CA cert bundle and/or CA cert directory to that library and asks that it verifies the server certificate. The purpose of using an intermediate CA is primarily for security. I can access the API site via HTTPS on other machines, e. The output is a full certificate chain (with key appended), suitable for direct consumption by HAProxy. pem included. Sign Certificates on the Foreman Puppet Master; Testing [#154998] Kenya, 200 Shillings, 1994, KM #29f, 1994-01-01, Société UNC(65-70), de AM7043435. If the chain includes intermediate CA certificates, the wizard adds them to the certificate database as untrusted CA certificates. In this specific case the customer was applying the certificate chain via a GPO. Once you have that, you would use private chain for user certs. crt), Root (TrustedRoot. Certificate Chain Verification (Page 1) — wolfSSL (formerly CyaSSL) — wolfSSL - Embedded SSL Library — Product Support Forums. Renewing a Self-Signed SSL Certificate on Fedora/CentOS 17 This entry was posted in Linux Reference Technology and tagged CentOS certificate expired Fedora renew self-signed server. Summer has 4 jobs listed on their profile. Typically this indicates that there is something going on with SSL certificates, your network/proxy configuration, and trying to use Curl. Hi , I want to create a certificate chain ( self signed root ca cert+intermediate cert + server-cert). crt in your Program Files directory. If you'd like to turn off curl's verification of the certificate, use the -k (or --insecure) option. 549 + this plugin + JIRA with no intermediate/root CA certificates, just the last-in. Details about Silverplated Birth Certificate Holder and First Tooth/Curl Set Baby Gifts. Both computers are within the same network. Note: Apache has ""SSLVerifyClient require" set in its configuration. HEY GUYS: VERY IMPORTANT! This issue drove me crazy for a couple days and I couldn’t figure out what was going on with my curl & openssl installations. I went back to my godaddy SSL admin panel, downloaded the new intermediate certificate, and the issue disappeared. SSL Certificate Not Sent??? get URL for S3 file. To import one certificate: keytool -import -alias gca -file googleca. Fast service with 24/7 support. Packages are up to date. Root Certificates Our roots are kept safely offline. com certificate cURL is linked with OpenSSL, and when I try to connect to it, I get. 48 CTS_ANTIQUE GEM_TOP LUSTER SPARKLE_100 % NATURAL UNHEATED TOP RED RHODONITE. git 은 https repository 연결시 curl 을 사용하며 curl은 기본적으로 SSL 인증서 검증을 수행하며 많이 발생하는 원인은 아래의 2 가지이다. Have I been running backwpup for some years and I have recently come across the following issue. Workspace Portal often requires the full chain of the certificate to be present on the load balancer. An often heard solution to PHP cURL errors with SSL is to turn off CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER. Add to Calendar 06/27/2016 06:30 PM 06/27/2016 07:30 PM America/New_York Ruff Readers Ruff Readers is a unique read-aloud program in partnership with West Michigan Therapy Dogs, Inc. UPDATE: On the newer versions of Chrome you can find the certificate information by right clicking anywhere on the page and selecting "Inspect". pem format (This should contains the public key and signature of the CA certificate, you need put the root ca certificate and all your intermediate ca certificates into one. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. Some of these tools can be used to act as a certificate authority. When the command is finished running, it will create two files: a mysitename. 0x80092013 (-2146885613 CRYPT_E_REVOCATION_OFFLINE). Black Powder Guns Antique Gun Parts Shooting Supplies. Not only do these exercises challenge the body in new ways and can help break through fitness plateaus, they can also improve overall quality of life by making daily activities easier to perform. This certificate equates to the first three courses of the SCM degree and provides foundational knowledge that gives any learner insight into the basics of the supply chain. I am using curl from the command line. I try to transfer a working(in LinuxTerminal) cURL-cmd, that it works with BPXBATCH on zOS. Orange Box Ceo 8,302,124 views. DigiCert Certificate Utility for Windows - Simplifies SSL and code signing certificate management and use. Will pricing change? No. This temporary intermediate certificate was used in years past as part of a compatibility chain for older devices. I am unable to push to git. This page includes links to technical documents and service endpoints for each of the certificate types issued by the InCommon Certificate Service. I'm sorry to post this, I've been trying to figure it out. Support » Topic Tag: SSL certificate problem. To import one certificate: keytool -import -alias gca -file googleca. An absurd number of CMS plugins and PHP libraries are disabling SSL/TLS certificate validation on purpose, and by doing so, they're putting millions of internet users at great risk. When I load public. cURL is so useful you will notice that we provide sample cURL commands on the “API Help” tab of the console. Unless specified, the Root Server uses a self-signed SSL certificate that is not a part of Internet Explorer's nor cURL's default trusted certificate chain. with curl/openssl you can only get it workign if you specify curl --cert similarly, with curl/nss you need to create a stacked certificate file and specify it using curl --cacert. 48 CTS_ANTIQUE GEM_TOP LUSTER SPARKLE_100 % NATURAL UNHEATED TOP RED RHODONITE. 8 needs for SSLCertificateFile, and what Nginx needs for ssl_certificate. This is the preferred format to import the. 509 certificates that are used to encrypt communications in your Elasticsearch cluster. f you store your CA certificates on the filesystem (in PEM format) you can tell curl to use them with. local_cert string. Navigate to the cURL CA Extract page and download the cacert. capath must be a correctly hashed certificate directory. 1BestCsharp blog Recommended for you. I followed this tutorial for creation of self-signed certificates, and it worked well. Let's encrypt issues a certificate for your domain only if able to verify that you really own that domain and that it is associated with the public IP of the machine from which you are running certbot. curl: (60) SSL certificate problem: self signed certificate in certificate chain More details here: https:// curl. This certificate matches www. com gives me. I try to transfer a working(in LinuxTerminal) cURL-cmd, that it works with BPXBATCH on zOS. Obtaining an SSL certificate for a web server. If the server trusts the CA entity issuing or signing the certificate of the client, then the server will also trust the client. se - by putting that. Superb Advice For Those Students Every single tumbles numerous teenagers are up against the challenges that college existence offers. The -k or --insecure flag turns off SSL certificate checking when passed to curl. After doing some research I have found that the problem was an Expired Certificate from DigiCert. Certificate Authority is the top certificate which is provided by Certification Authority firms. SSL Certificate Verification SSL is TLS. If you do not know what this means, you probably do not want to do it! The latest release (2018-07-02, Feather Spray) R-3. SSL certificate problem: self signed certificate in certificate chain. Issue I am trying to connect to bitbucket repository with https (ssl) from one of the Jenkins job, but I am getting Unknown SSL protocol. The root key can be kept offline and used as infrequently as. In case more than one intermediate CAs are involved, all the certificates must be included. Outbound message error, peer not authenticated. However, curl, which was built with openSSL, and which is using the same ca-root-nss. curl: (3) malformed curl: (3) malformed curl: (3) malformed curl: (3) malformed. IMHO, using curl is not enough, another program is required to check certificates. se - by putting that. The command actually downloads a bundle of X. Manifest base URL is: https://munki. pem format (This should contains the public key and signature of the CA certificate, you need put the root ca certificate and all your intermediate ca certificates into one. or make 4 interest-free payments of fortnightly with More info SKU: 49897 0431. I can access the API site via HTTPS on other machines, e. A web server will send its certificate down to the requesting client during the TLS handshake. I should mention that last Friday I had my hosting company upgrad emy account from shared hosting to a VPS. If the alias specifies a keyStore. The end result of all this is a complete certificate chain, backed by either a root certificate we trust or, in the case of an untrusted root, a root certificate you‘re supplying to us. It is required to send the certificate chain along with the certificate you want to validate. Even though you can still purchase any type of certificate from InstantSSL, the roots of the certificate come directly from Sectigo. It can be used to debug TLS problems with plain TLS or explicit TLS on SMTP, IMAP, POP3 and FTPS and with HTTP proxies. pem -name "Your_certificate_name" -out key. Basic "hello world" for using cURL with BigFix REST API SEC_E_UNTRUSTED_ROOT (0x80090325) - The certificate chain was issued by an authority that is not trusted. pem --cert public. The most concise screencasts for the working developer, updated daily. testing/munki_repo/manifests/. I ended up trying a different approach with python and it worked on the first try - request returned 200 http code and toast notification appeared. In addtion the manual register script for PAS or a Wireshark capture can also be used for further output. Topic Tag: SSL certificate problem Topic; Voices; Replies; Last Post; Ads Dashboard: RSS Error: WP HTTP Error: cURL. The example server (/examples/server/server. All the other certificates have to trace their origin back to one of those root certificates. From what I can tell, it’s not a WordPress 4. Please post the full curl command used here. Assuming the cert is valid in the first place, you may need to add the authorizing servers to the certificate chain in your curl-ca-bundle. After that, the listener’s application becomes accessible via SSL/TLS. curl performs SSL certificate verification by default, using a "bundle" of Certificate Authority (CA) public keys (CA certs). When you check your browser this will look like this:. Fullstocks will accept a 42” barrel. OpenSSL Errors and Rails – Certificate Verify Failed $ brew update $ brew install openssl $ brew link openssl --force $ brew install curl-ca-bundle Alternative. SSL is the old name. UNCLASSIFIED TIPS * share the current directory tree (via http) at http://$HOSTNAME:8000/ >> python -m SimpleHTTPServer * Copy ssh keys to [email protected] to enable. Details about Silverplated Birth Certificate Holder and First Tooth/Curl Set Baby Gifts. If libcurl was built with Schannel or Secure Transport support (the native SSL libraries included in Windows and Mac OS X), then this does not apply to you. Java Project Tutorial - Make Login and Register Form Step by Step Using NetBeans And MySQL Database - Duration: 3:43:32. Hemp Cbd Oil Certificate Of Analysis Cbd Oil For Snakes Cbd Oil Price California Cbd Oil Spare Room Sasa And Cbd Oil If you pour whenever your second layer is too hot, it will now melt your first. Always double check if everything went well, we can do so by using this command which will list each certificate in order. I'm having trouble using cURL to successfully validate a certificate chain when connecting to an HTTPS server with the following certificate hierarchy: Entrust. Certificate revocation lists¶ A certificate revocation list (CRL) provides a list of certificates that have been revoked. ) Also, curl doesn't always use OpenSSL and if not it doesn't always accept exactly the same formats; check curl -V (uppercase V). UPDATE: On the newer versions of Chrome you can find the certificate information by right clicking anywhere on the page and selecting "Inspect". It includes SSL guide for openSSL, windows, twilio, laravel, etc. The >certificate chain presented is invalid. The root CA signs the intermediate certificate, forming a chain of trust. sslVerify false but that creates large security risks. This certificate equates to the first three courses of the SCM degree and provides foundational knowledge that gives any learner insight into the basics of the supply chain. Useful when you don't know which SSL providers were used. Certificate chains provide a trust relationship between hierarchical certificates where the leaf is the site certificate we want to navigate. If your environment has Windows Server (2008) with Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) installed, you can use it to download its CA certificate chain and later importing it into the Sonus SBC 1000/2000. The document I referenced in #20 should perhaps be generalized and the suggestions from #21 added to it. If you try to access httpbin with the previous certificate chain, the attempt now fails. pem" of the file, if curl. It requires instead setting CURLOPT_CAPATH to /etc/ssl/certs/ and letting it picking the right certificate by itself. It includes SSL guide for openSSL, windows, twilio, laravel, etc. 0): > > # curl -v https://www. different tenants), is there any other approach to match the incoming client certificate to the corresponding root certificate on the server?. like CAcert >> your own CA >> your client certificate. The purpose of using an intermediate CA is primarily for security. Ask Question Asked 6 years ago. Sniff the curl traffic with Wireshark and compare the results. Using the Postman native apps, you can view and set SSL certificates on a per domain basis. After days working with code for connect to remote WHM, with hash, get this error curl_exec threw error "SSL read. How to get and use certificates with curl. Create the intermediate pair¶ An intermediate certificate authority (CA) is an entity that can sign certificates on behalf of the root CA. You should be able to add the Root CA and all intermediates certificates to a bundle and point curl to it using the --cacert option. The above command prints the complete certificate chain of google. pem (less common). The reason is that these sites purchase SSL certificate from a signing authority. In this specific case the customer was applying the certificate chain via a GPO. Becase curl is unable to verify the certificate provided by the server. com to stdout. Curl verifies whether the certificate is authentic, i. In May of 2004, GoDaddy started selling SSL Certificates for a fraction of the price that other companies were charging. I don't have a RHEL 6 system nearby but probably rpm -ql nss will show a different/additional trust store compared to what OpenSSL uses. This tool is built with Laravel 5 and uses ssl-certificate-chain-resolver, inspired by cert-chain-resolver by Jan Žák. Environment. For example with a bicep curl you have the agonist/ prime mover (Bicep. Hi All: I have used openssl 1. testing/munki_repo/manifests/. You can use these signed certificates in a variety of situations, such as to secure connections to a web server or to authenticate clients connecting to a service. The docs are updated for Electrum 3. Mutual SSL authentication or certificate based mutual authentication refers to two parties authenticating each other through verifying the provided digital certificate so that both parties are assured of the others' identity. com Of course curl then exits with a warning, that no certificate could be found for the host name. sudo curl --cacert /path/to/cacert. Welcome to the Rule of Three™ certificate examination. View a Trusted Certificate in the JKS Keystore. pem” is the certificate of the Certificate Authority (CA) that issued your certificate. The certificate chain file must be in PEM format and must be sorted starting with the subject's certificate (the actual client or server cert), followed by any intermediate certificates and ending (optionally) at the root "top" CA. s_client) can no longer verify the server certificate of several popular SSL/TLS servers, examples are www. 0 0 Using the Digicert Certificate Utility To Fix Certificate Chain Trust Errors. pem certificate to. Packages are up to date. The curl command can be installed, if not already present, via: aptitude install curl. We want to verify them orderly. Have you got another idea what I can check? I’m trying to solve the same problem now. The ca bundle you use with curl needs to consist of the certs for the entire chain. This is mostly because cURL is, primary, a library intended to be used by yet other programs when they want to download (or even upload) things using http, ftp, etc. View Olivia Curl’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. Details about Silverplated Birth Certificate Holder and First Tooth/Curl Set Baby Gifts. The document I referenced in #20 should perhaps be generalized and the suggestions from #21 added to it. Generating a certificate with Certbot Certbot uses Let's Encrypt to generate a certificate. pem-inkey privkey. com certificate cURL is linked with OpenSSL, and when I try to connect to it, I get. Verify certificate, provided that you have root and any intemediate certificates configured as trusted on your machine: openssl verify example. The same happens with other client tools. > > > For instance this fails on a Fedora 29 (and also on CentOS 6, 7, Fedora 28 > & CentOS 6 with self compiled curl 7. 1j to construct certificate chain from https web site. local_cert string. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Vatrina’s. 7 compatibility, but more a cURL and SSL/HTTPS issue. PHP,SSL,CURL,TWILIO. The cURL page for the certificate bundle also mentions this: RSA-1024 removed. DigiCert is the world’s premier provider of high—assurance digital certificates—providing trusted SSL, private and managed PKI deployments, and device certificates for the emerging IoT market. Environment. Does curl command have a --no-check-certificate option like wget command on Linux or Unix-like system? You need to pass the -k or --insecure option to the curl command. The reason is that these sites purchase SSL certificate from a signing authority. It was necessary for the user identity of the app pool belonging to the hosting app to have read permissions on the folder storing the certificate. Both computers are within the same network. »Read CA Certificate Chain This endpoint retrieves the CA certificate chain, including the CA in PEM format. Certificate revocation lists¶ A certificate revocation list (CRL) provides a list of certificates that have been revoked. If you do not know what this means, you probably do not want to do it! The latest release (2018-07-02, Feather Spray) R-3. OK, I Understand. In fact, you could watch nonstop for days upon days, and still not see everything!. Sign Certificates on the Foreman Puppet Master; Testing [#154998] Kenya, 200 Shillings, 1994, KM #29f, 1994-01-01, Société UNC(65-70), de AM7043435. Gain valuable insights that allow you to speak the language of supply chain management. When you integrate mutual SSL authentication with a third party, you will typically generate a CSR (Certificate Signing Request) with your private key. You can get creative, sureprobably, you stand a better chance of beating the people in the chain than the technologybut the difficulty of doing so seems to amount to 'mitigation' at the least. 3 with php5-fmp 5. Now I extract the certificate to a file, but curl doesn't work anymore:. NOTICE: This is the exact reverse of the. We are trying to better understand customer views on social support experience, so your participation in this interview project would be greatly appreciated if you have time. If you would like to use an SSL certificate to secure a service but you do not require a CA-signed certificate, a valid (and free) solution is to sign your own certificates. 1 day ago · If you can get the server's private certificate, you've compromised the server. All the other certificates have to trace their origin back to one of those root certificates. SERVICE/RETURNS HOURS: Monday - Friday: 6:00 a. Additionally, you can either reissue your certificate (where you should also get new chain certificates) or you can find the needed chain certificates based on the fingerprint ID provided by SSLLabs. com in this case) but the Certificate Authority (or Authorities) that have signed the certificate. This particular server (www. The only practical mitigation for ECC certificates is to minimize the amount of work performed in chain verification. You can get a pem file of the root certificates from the curl site below. SSL Certificate Use chain option if you have chain of. Once you have that, you would use private chain for user certs. The SSL Labs test does indicate some certificate/chain issues, so I recommend resolving those, or switching to a different certificate entirely. There is no security concern using a self signed certificate, the level of security will be similar to a paid for certificate, the problem is that your commuter won't know that it can trust the certificate. Since our founding almost fifteen years ago, we've been driven by the idea of finding a better way. When you check your browser this will look like this:. You can start configuring SSL By Default by clicking the relevant Inbox message from your AEM home screen. I'm sorry to post this, I've been trying to figure it out. This server's certificate chain is incomplete. ) Also, curl doesn't always use OpenSSL and if not it doesn't always accept exactly the same formats; check curl -V (uppercase V). Sniff the curl traffic with Wireshark and compare the results. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover David’s connections and jobs at similar companies. Verify Certificate Chain. The certificates API enables you to retrieve information about the X. DigiCert is the world's premier provider of high—assurance digital certificates—providing trusted SSL, private and managed PKI deployments, and device certificates for the emerging IoT market. 3 in vmware, will it affect the CA?. pem-certfile mc-ca-chain. Validate the certificate and its chain and verify that it adheres to the guidelines provided in the article How certificate chains work to ensure it's a valid and complete certificate chain. Disabling cURL’s certificate checks. ftp-port : Tells curl that we are in ACTIVE mode. Superb Advice For Those Students Every single tumbles numerous teenagers are up against the challenges that college existence offers. After removing all expired certificates I got this ones. Derailleurs (Rear)-Shimano Deore RD-M610-GS 10-Speed Medium Cage Shadow Rear Derailleur qnqzua2752-save up to 30-50% off - www. How To Verify SSL Certificate From A Shell Prompt last updated May 23, 2009 in Categories Apache, BASH Shell, CentOS, Debian / Ubuntu, Fedora Linux, FreeBSD, Linux, Networking, openssl, RedHat and Friends, Security, Solaris-Unix, Troubleshooting, Ubuntu Linux, UNIX. pem -keystore trust. If you need an SSL certificate, check out the SSL Wizard. It does this by following the certificate chain that issued the server's certificate until it arrives at a certificate that it trusts. The following procedure forms and verifies a certificate chain, beginning with the certificate that is presented for authentication: The issuer's certificate is located. This issue drove me crazy for a couple days and I couldn't figure out what was going on with my curl & openssl installations. Review the chain of trust carefully. It is required to send the certificate chain along with the certificate you want to validate. Viewing 3 replies - 1 through 3 (of 3 total) The topic 'Curl Error 60' is closed to new replies. If I use the bundle that can be found at the COMODO website as the cacert file it works. The procedure for installing the Trusted Registry certificates on each Linux distribution has slightly different steps. Setup Instructions¶ Add the annotations as provided in the ingress. Check the output of curl command and received data (cert bundle), and reload HAProxy. I am unable to push to git. @ribamar-santarosa. > failing to find some updated curl version, I stumbled onto a problem in how > curl handles wildcard certificates (maybe). There's no shortage of content at Laracasts. Still doesn't help. But the question is ‘How to install an SSL Certificate on a server?’ It is not necessary that everyone […]. 0 Automated downloads from here. Already have an account?. X509 Certificate provides information like , URL, Organization, Signature etc. curl performs SSL certificate. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Vatrina’s. If you need to set up a web service or configure client authentication, please proceed to the next section. but also provides the OpenSSL command with the certificate and CA chain download for you to run locally if you prefer. curl --cacert root. different tenants), is there any other approach to match the incoming client certificate to the corresponding root certificate on the server?. Derailleurs (Rear)-Shimano Deore RD-M610-GS 10-Speed Medium Cage Shadow Rear Derailleur qnqzua2752-save up to 30-50% off - www. Using Wireshark should allow you to do that. We don't mind you downloading the PEM file from us in an automated fashion, but please don't do it more often than once per day. After that, the listener’s application becomes accessible via SSL/TLS. This ensures that the SSL certificate is fully trusted by all browsers and client computers which prevents errors from appearing when users visit a secure website. cURL also is one of the projects supporting using either of the three major crypto libraries. HEY GUYS: VERY IMPORTANT! This issue drove me crazy for a couple days and I couldn't figure out what was going on with my curl & openssl installations. @ribamar-santarosa. Open the menu at the top right corner and select "Settings". pem (less common). pem file) Client certificate in. It includes SSL guide for openSSL, windows, twilio, laravel, etc. You may apply to have your root certificate included in Apple products via the Apple Root Certificate Program. 509 certificates received by strongSwan during the IKE protocol are automatically authenticated by going up the trust chain until a self-signed root CA certificate is reached. There are two way to bypass: 1. 0 through 4. Rebekah has 5 jobs listed on their profile. P+(30-60% curl throughout). 9 (Mavericks) visit https://registry. View a Trusted Certificate in the JKS Keystore. The upstream proxy requires Digest/NTLM authorization. exe trusts, one after. In addtion the manual register script for PAS or a Wireshark capture can also be used for further output. Genuine Mahogany Dresser - 332 SOLID MAHOGANY STAMPED W Certificate GENUINE No qqxgdx3291-Decks. Installing an SSL Certificate on an online portal has become the basic foundation of a company’s business structure. Add Self-Signed SSL Cert To cURL In an earlier post we talked about adding a self-signed SSL certificate to Google Chrome so that you can use SSL certificates on your local development machine. curl For Windows; Adjust the client certificate Convert the. com (matched). ) Also, curl doesn't always use OpenSSL and if not it doesn't always accept exactly the same formats; check curl -V (uppercase V). How to fix CA cert issues with Curl in Ubuntu 14. SALES HOURS: Monday - Friday: 5:00 a. After days working with code for connect to remote WHM, with hash, get this error curl_exec threw error "SSL read. When running cURL from a Windows command shell, you must provide an SSL certificate authority (CA) file or bundle to authenticate against the Verisign CS certificate. / lib / gtls. There are two options to get this to work: Use curl with -k option which allows curl to make insecure connections, that is curl does not verify the certificate. p12 back to. If I use the bundle that can be found at the COMODO website as the cacert file it works. Ensure the root cert is added to git. SSL certificates and Git. It includes SSL guide for openSSL, windows, twilio, laravel, etc. Next, reference the uploaded bundle in the listener’s configuration. It means that the chain certificate files are missing or “broken”. The third option –authenticating both server and client– is based on the chain of trust concept. It can be used to transfer data with different protocols such as HTTP, HTTPS, FTP etc. If the chain includes intermediate CA certificates, the wizard adds them to the certificate database as untrusted CA certificates.